Much research on men's health arises from the study of men and masculinities, as well as the study of gender inequalities in health. However, the author of this paper argues that these literatures have generally remained distinct. The author seeks to develop a framework for understanding men's health from both of these literatures. In order to achieve the integration of both disciplines, the author argues that men's health should be based on 'critical studies on men’, based on feminist theory. Critical studies on men's health should be linked and applied to factors identified in the health inequality literature in order to provide a more comprehensive understanding of the variance within among men and between men and women in health seeking, prevention, treatment behaviours. The author argues that this framework will more adequately support addressing men’s poor health behaviours, and stress the need for inequalities health literature to also prioritise men's health issues.